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John W. Gaines first appears as an attorney when he is listed as “T.W. Gaines” in the 1901 Arkansas Gazette as a speaker for the Wonder State Bar Association, a Black attorneys group. John Gaines appears under “attorneys” in the Little Rock (Pulaski County, Arkansas) City Directory of 1903. He was admitted by the state supreme court on December 31, 1906 and was probably previously admitted only to the Pulaski County Circuit Court. Gaines was listed as a partner of Scipio Africanus Jones between 1906 and 1908. Between 1908 and 1911, he advertised as a sole practitioner. In 1912, he rejoined Scipio Jones and Thomas J. Price to create Jones, Price & Gaines.  In 1917, he returned to solo practice. After 1917, he disappeared from the records. Nothing more is known about him.

Sources: Judith Kilpatrick, “(EXTRA)Ordinary Men: African-American Lawyers and Civil Rights in Arkansas Before 1950,” 53 Ark. Law Rev. 299, 368 n520, 372-73, 386 n669 (2000); The Colored Lawyers, Arkansas Gazette, 7/31/1901; 1903, 1903-04, 1906, 1907, 1908, 1910, 1912, 1914, 1917, Little Rock City Directories; Arkansas State Supreme Court Admissions Records;

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